The Impact of Inflation on Investment Strategies


As inflation becomes more challenging to combat, saving and investing through traditional means may become increasingly challenging. But even in times of inflation there may be opportunities to expand your wealth.

TIPS and real estate can provide valuable protection from inflation while diversifying your portfolio by investing in different asset classes.


inflation can quickly reduce the purchasing power of savings or investments that offer fixed interest rates – particularly bonds which typically offer fixed returns.

Inflation can also impact certain bonds, like Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS). Their prices are linked to inflation.

Hold these bonds until maturity and you may end up receiving both their original investment amount (called face value ) as well as interest payments. However, selling before maturity could net less than their face value due to inflation-driven decrease in price; moreover, bonds may expose you to additional credit and liquidity risks.


Price fluctuations occur due to increased demand and decreased supply, with inflation often cutting into returns by diminishing the purchasing power of money invested.

Investments that provide fixed annual returns, like bonds and certificates of deposit, can be negatively impacted by inflation. A $100 annual interest payment could become worth less than $100 after accounting for inflation of 5% annually.

Investments that can keep pace with inflation include dividend-paying stocks, Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS), real assets like commodities and real estate and diversifying your portfolio with commodities and real estate investments. Although, diversified portfolios may experience ups and downs when inflation is high.

Money Markets

Money market investments such as Certificates of Deposit can be negatively impacted by inflation by decreasing their purchasing power. If your savings account earns 2% interest but inflation rises at 5% that year, for example, your savings account’s purchasing power will decline over time.

Inflation often has the greatest impact on investment returns from bonds and other fixed-income assets, as their stated interest rates don’t take inflation into account, leading to decreased income as time goes on – this decrease increases with longer bonds.

Rising inflation can make it challenging for businesses to increase profits, as input costs increase while customers reduce spending in order to preserve purchasing power. This phenomenon is known as Mundell-Tobin effect. When inflation levels remain moderate, savings can help invest in new equipment while keeping profit margins secure; whereas too high inflation rates can depress economic activity by decreasing purchasing power and slowing economic development.

Short-Term Investments

Have you heard experts or economists discuss the impact of inflation on your savings and investment goals? Perhaps, but you might not know how best to respond.

Rapidly rising inflation erodes your investments’ purchasing power and decreases their value over time, rendering returns worth less than they were previously. To combat this effect, consider selecting investments which produce “real returns”, taking inflation into account.

Treasury inflation-protected securities (TIPS) and real estate investment trusts (REITs) tend to perform well during times of high inflation, since their payments rise with the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This can help limit exposure to rising prices while increasing return potential. Dollar cost averaging is another effective strategy that can reduce market fluctuations while minimizing risk compared to investing in one lump sum amount at once.

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